TEAM 1 Progress Report I

Food Security in Relation to Earth Observation (GEOSS and COPERNICUS relevance)

This is the first progress report of the team no 1 of the Nairobi INSPIRE Hackathon 2019. The team is led by Karel Charvat.

The team includes 115 members out of which 25 are actively participating.C

The webinar of this team was organised on Monday 15th April 2019. The recording of the webinar can seen below.

We started collecting answers on a few questions. The key questions are listed below.

Why I would like work in this group?

Food security is a major challenge in Kenya and Africa at large considering the country’s economy is largely agrarian. Any unforeseen changes in weather patterns could be fatal not only to our economy but also to millions of people who rely on agriculture for employment and as a source of livelihood.

Food and nutrition security is my major areas of expertise therefore, I am always willing to participate in anything that can help to improve my knowledge in the area. Besides the major importance of food security in the development at a individual, micro and macro level, I believe that I will be more efficient in this team and I will participate significantly in the team.

Food (and water) insecurity are a consistent drivers of vulnerability in Africa. I wish to be part of the solution to food insecurity problem by collaborating with other interested experts and stakeholders.

Where Earth Observation can help to African Agriculture?

Soil management can benefit a lot from earth observation. Modelling erosion would help avert loss in soil fertility.

Near real-time crop monitoring data would be very helpful to farmers to enable them identify remedies to crop failures in good time and avoid losses.

The same data could assist government plan in advance in terms of addressing the anticipated deficit in food stock hence avert cases of food shortage.

Earth Observation will also be very important in prediction analysis in the agricultural sector. This will permit African Agriculture to be economical and technically efficient. It can also permit African countries to specialise in into different sector, therefore, develop trade agreement..

In highlighting the suitable areas for different agricultural practices and the hotspots of food insecurity. As any other thematic area, agriculture has a geographic dimension that can only be captured and revealed by accurate and dynamic earth observation data.

Earth observation can be used to assess risks/threats to sensitive ecosystems like forests and wetlands. Forests and wetlands are known contributors to food security particularly when sustainably used.

EO in particular weather data and biomass can be used to generate index based services for Banking and insurance such as Weather and Yield index (Kizito)

Ideas about potential experiments?

Sampling plots from different agro-climatic zones in Kenya and monitoring their growth using earth observation techniques together with ancillary data like weather data and biophysical data.

Also establishing crop growth scenarios under different weather events could help in projecting future yields which is very critical in the planning operations and budgeting by state agencies and county governments.

Prediction of disease susceptibility of crop using the temporal crop dynamics from earth observation data. Using historical data of crop disease and connecting them with features extracted from earth observation data for generating alert of probable crop disease.

To make some experiments only based on observation data and compare the results.

A combination of agent-based models of human activities and how these contribute to food (in)security and a dynamic changes in the environment as captured by big earth observation data.

Accurate monitoring crop phenology to aid the application of farm inputs like fertilizers, irrigation and farm management.

Assessment of hydrological flows through a combination of field observations and output from satellite image analysis workflows.

Augmenting weather and climate monitoring through the use of affordable in-situ weather sensors and remote sensed weather estimates.

Who are main target groups of farmers in your country?

In Kenya, some of the significant farmer groups include maize farmers in the rift valley region and in the western part of the country, rice farmers around lake victoria and in the Mwea scheme in the central part of the country, and sugarcane farmers in western, rift valley areas and in the coastal parts of the country

Do you have practical experience with implementation of EO in your country?

I (Parmita Ghosh) do have for my country India and Germany (I was an exchange student in Technische Universität Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany).

I have experience with Copernicus Data for climate monitoring (Kizito)

I have a background in applied geoinformatics and am currently using earth observation data to address water and food insecurity questions in the dryland regions of Kenya (Francis Oloo)

Can benefit small farmers from EO?

Sentinel 1, 2 has spatial resolution of 20 m so small farmers can be benefited by the products developed using images from these satellites.

Landsat can particularly be used for awareness creation on issues like land degradation and land use change and its influence on land health and the potential areas that can be used for farming.

On Friday 19th, we organised  teleconference with participation of 12 people. The main conclusion are next

Jiri will prepare infrastructure for experimentation. This will be done with Team 5

Jiri will download examples of Sentinel Data from Region

Other data will be downloaded on demand. There is expected also cooperation with team 3, 5 and 6.

In cooperation with team 3 we will tested different OS software. See the candidate.

  1. Orfeo ToolBox – Orfeo ToolBox,
  2. https://github.com/sentinel-hub/eo-learn,
  3. ESA SNAP software (http://step.esa.int/main/download/)
  4. QGIS – (Kizito)

For next communication will be organised Skype communication for the group.

TEAM 2 Progress Report I

Climatic Services for Africa

This is the first progress report of the team no 2 of the Nairobi INSPIRE Hackathon 2019. The team is led by Karel Jedlicka.

There are in total 83 team members registered, 11 of them are actively collaborating and contributing. The active members are from: Czechia (3x), Switzerland (2x), Zimbabwe (1x), Uganda (1x), Nigeria (1x) and Kenya (3x).

The team is currently working on a use case: a farmer uses meteorological data to plan maize planting and cultivation.

  • The farmer sends a field position to the climate service
  • The service returns
    • Growth plan – a time interval when to start planting to maximize yield
    • Nitrogen plan – a time interval when to insert nitrogen fertilisation to maximize its effect
    • Insect pests alert – alert when a risk of insect pest attack is high

The team has defined the concept, team assigned roles and answered open questions. The implementation will take part during the second half of April 2019.

Climate data for maize cultivation – more granular GRID for temperatures?

Here you can see the recording of the webinar taken a couple of week ago:

TEAM 9 Progress Report I

Open Transport Map (OTM) Applications for Africa

This is the first progress report of the team no 9 of the Nairobi INSPIRE Hackathon 2019. The team is led by Daniel Beran.

Team:

  • active team members: Daniel Beran, Jan Bohm, František Kolovský, Jan Sháněl
  • team members that have filled the Google Document but were not present for initial Skype call: Antoine KANTIZA, Candido B. Balaba, Jr., Laura Mugeha, Davince Koyo

Work:

  • We have acquired OSM data and preselected those layers that could be usable for traffic modelling.
  • We are discussing setting of parameters in transforming OSM data into traffic generators.

Plan for next week (15-21/04/2019):

  • Skype telco with all team members on on Tuesday 16th of April, at 1 p.m. CEST
    • Assigning unassigned work within our team: e.g. traffic generators, calibration data
  • Prepare traffic network and traffic generators from OSM data.
  • Moving prepared traffic data to STM developers.

Webinar from last week:


TEAM 7 Progress Report I

Smart Points of Interest – Publication of Open Data in Africa as 5-star Linked Open Data

This is the first progress report of the team no 7 of the Nairobi INSPIRE Hackathon 2019. The team is led by Otakar Cerba.

The goal of this team is to publish selected spatial open data from Kenya and other African countries as 5-star Linked Open Data (LOD). The datasets will be transformed and integrated into the Smart Points of Interest (SPOI) data model. The data model for the SPOI was designed during the SDI4Apps project and provides a universal exchange approach to publish point based data in RDF format according to the the linked open data (LOD) principles.

Team 7 Smart Points of Interest – Publication of Open Data in Africa as 5-star Linked Open Data performed the following activities in the past weeks:

  • Webinar (Friday 5 April, 10am) – during the webinar the Smart Points of Interest (SPOI) and initial statements of the team were introduced.
  • Shared folder development – the folder contains presentations about SPOI in general, SPOI in Kenya, SPOI data model and Team 7 ideas; there are also shared documents to add new ideas or comments to Team 7 activity and new data resources for transformation to SPOI.
  • Ideas collection
    • To find relevant open data resource for SPOI,
    • To design and realize harmonization processes of existing data to SPOI
    • To discuss future development of SPOI Ontology
    • To find business opportunities for SPOI, to define benefits of using SPOI (and 5-star LOD in general) for real GIT solutions
    • Landing pages for Kenya
    • Search for Web pages in Kenya
  • Data resources collection – Health Facilities in Kenya and data resources from Team 2

The Team 7 has registered 29 participants (2 from Asia, 8 from Europe and 19 from Africa). Twelve participants were registered to the webinar, but only four participated actively. An overview of the countries represented in this team is shown below.

Three More Webinars on Monday 8th April

Last 3 webinars dedicated to 3 teams from the Nairobi INSPIRE Hackathon 2019. These webinars are scheduled for Monday 8th April 2019 and below you can find the overview and more details.

Monday 8 April2pmTeam 5Webinar URLKarel Charvat
Monday 8 April3pmTeam 1Webinar URLKarel Charvat
Monday 8 April4pmTeam 8Webinar URLUta Wehn

Agriculture Innovation Hub for Africa

Monday 8th April, 14:00 CEST

Register here

What is it about:

The African region is in a process of transformation and an agriculture innovation hub is a potential solution that can support sustainable intensification in agriculture in Africa. An innovation Hub is a place, where people can meet and share their knowledge. It is mainly about people and we need to build a community that are be able share knowledge. In this webinar there will be a discussion about how to build a social space – an innovation hub for agriculture, how to develop and collect relevant content, and finally, but perhaps the most important; how to attract people. The starting point will be to discuss how to transfer experience from the European SmartAgriHub project to build an equivalent tailored solution for Africa.

Who is it for:

People from Universities, Research Organisation, scientific centres, agriculture food industry, farmers, forest owners, and  IT developers.

What Earth observations could do for African farmers

Monday 8th April, 15:00 CEST

Register here

What is it about:

In this webinar we will discuss how Earth observation can support food security in Africa.

Since new Earth observation technologies are being developed and we see a continuedl growing population on global scale, it is necessary to solve problems related to a sustainable intensification of the farming sector in Africa.

The main question we address in this webinar is if African farmers can directly benefit from Earth Observation. A view to how this impact different level of decisions has to be included.

Governments, industry, researchers, all actors along the food chain, need to be involved to support uptake of Earth observations in the African farming sector.

Who is it for:

People, who are interested in using Earth Observation Data for Agriculture, mainly in context of Africa

People dealing with GEOSS or Copernicus for African  activities, providers of Satellite data, people with experiences with utilisation of Earth observation in African Agriculture. Participants in the Nairobi INSPIRE hackathon.

Citizen Science in Africa to ground truth & exploit Earth Observation data – from challenge to fundable ideas.

Monday 8th April, 16:00 CEST

Register here

What is it about:

Africa is arguably most in need of innovative solutions to address challenges related to climate change, water management, land use, population growth etc. In principle, there is great potential for citizen scientists – or the wider public – to validate what satellites observe or to put those images to use. The combination of Citizen Science and Earth Observation can provide powerful new data, insights, knowledge and understanding to identify and manage these challenges at various scales. In practice, the implementation of such ideas is faced by social, scientific, technical and economic challenges. This webinar kick starts Theme 8 of the Nairobi INSPIRE HACKATHON, explore these challenges and start brainstorming in order to develop fundable ideas.

Who is it for:

CSOs, Earth observation focused SMEs, research and academia, young professionals & Citizen Science enthusiasts, Earth Observation specialists, thematic experts (e.g. water security, food security, health, ecosystem.

In principle, there is great potential for citizen scientists – or the wider public – to validate what satellites observe or to put those images to use. In practice, the implementation of such ideas is faced by social, scientific, technical and economic challenges.

Karel Charvat – Mentor at the Nairobi INSPIRE Hackathon 2019

Karel Charvat graduated in theoretical cybernetics. He is a member of International Society for Precision Agriculture, Research Data Alliance, vice chair of Club of Ossiach, CAGI, and CSITA. He was in period 2005 – 2007 President of European Federation for Information Technology in Agriculture Food and Environment (EFITA). Now is chair of OGC Agriculture DWG. He was organiser on many hackathons, where as most important were series of INSPIRE Hacks and MEDHackathon. He work on implementation on national INSPIRE Geoportall. Now he is also active in Plan4all association. He has long time experience in ICT for Environment, transport, Agriculture and Precision Farming. Now he is one from promoters of Open and Big Data in Agriculture in Europe. Participation in projects: Wirelessinfo, Premathmod, EMIRES, REGEO, RuralWins, Armonia, aBard, EPRI Start, Ami@netfood, AMI4For, Voice, Naturnet Redime, Mobildat, SpravaDat, Navlog, c@r, Humboldt, WINSOC, Plan4all, Habitats, Plan4business, SmartOpenData, FOODIE, SDI4Apps, AgriXchange, FOODIE, SDI4Apps, OTN, DataBio, EO4AGRO, EUXDAT, SmartAgriHub, SKIN and other projects.

Karel is the mentor of Team no. 1 Food Security in Relation to Earth Observation (GEOSS and COPERNICUS relevance) and. He is also involved in Team no. 5. Agriculture Innovation Hub for Africa.

Webinars of these teams:

Monday 8 April2pmTeam 5Webinar URLKarel Charvat
Monday 8 April3pmTeam 1Webinar URLKarel Charvat

Two Webinars on Friday 5th April

There are 2 webinars dedicated to 2 teams from the Nairobi INSPIRE Hackathon 2019. These webinars are scheduled for Friday 5th April 2019 and below you can find the overview and more details.

Friday 5 April10amTeam 7Webinar URLOta Cerba
Friday 5 April12pmTeam 9Webinar URLDan Beran

Smart Points of Interest (SPOI)

Friday 5th April, 10:00 CEST

Register here

What is it about:

Geo- (or spatial) Linked Open Data and questions related to its development, maintenance, collection, publication and implementation. The webinar is focused on the introduction of the dataset Smart Points of Interest (SPOI). During the webinar the structure of SPOI, data model, existing applications and plans for the hackathon are described.

There is many various heterogeneous data sets collected by different organizations. But these datasets are not shared and combined with other data and therefore their exploitation is very limited. To publish and use LOD enable to unlock the potential of data on the Web.

SPOI is great opportunity to publish and use 5-star Linked Open Data, including all benefits of this approach. To publish selected spatial open data from Kenya and/or other African countries as 5-star Linked Open Data (LOD). Data sets will be transformed and integrated to Smart Points of Interest (SPOI) data model, which represent the universal exchange approach to publish spatial point based data in RDF format according to the LOD principles.

To think about a design of applications and services used SPOI.

Who is it for:

The webinar is designed for individuals and organization which are able to add and update SPOI, for example regional authorities, universities, tourism providers, etc. as well as for those, who want to use SPOI data for their own purposes (applications and services developers).

Open Transport Map (OTM) Applications for Africa

Friday 5th April, 12:00 CEST

Register here

What is it about:

Traffic efficiency is the main goal of any larger city that wants to grow in a sustainable way. Traffic modelling is usually a domain of robust desktop application which makes it inaccessible and slow. Traffic is dynamic, public decision making should be too. In this webinar the current status of the Traffic Modeller will be presented together with some ideas on how to develop a web traffic modeling app (based on server implementation of the Traffic Modeller) using open source spatial data.

Who is it for:

People interested in our idea that would like to help us prepare input data. Ideally with background in GIS, IT or traffic modeling. Organizations and people interested in GIS traffic modeling and smart cities.

Those interested in GIS or traffic modelling.

Uta Wehn – Mentor at the Nairobi INSPIRE Hackathon 2019

Dr. Uta Wehn is Associate Professor of Water Innovation Studies at the IHE Delft Institute for Water Education. As Project Director of AfriAlliance, Ground Truth 2.0 and CSEOL, her work on citizen science, citizen observatories and community-based environmental monitoring in Europe, the Middle East and Africa aims to harness digital transformations for participatory environmental governance, sustainable development and water management.

Uta is the mentor of Team no.8: Citizen Science in Africa to Ground Truth & Exploit Earth Observation Data.

Webinar of this team:

Monday 8 April4pmTeam 8Webinar URLUta Wehn

Four Webinars on Thursday 4th April

There are 4 webinars dedicated to 4 teams from the Nairobi INSPIRE Hackathon 2019. These webinars are scheduled for Thursday 4th April 2019 and below you can find the overview and more details.

DAYTIME (CEST)TEAMWEBINAR URLMENTOR
Thursday 4 April1pmTeam 2Webinar URLKarel Jedlicka
Thursday 4 April2pmTeam 6Webinar URLRaul Palma
Thursday 4 April3pmTeam 4Webinar URLMichal Kepka
Thursday 4 April4pmTeam 3Webinar URLDmitrij Kozuch

WEBINAR 1: Climatic Services for Africa

Thursday 4th April, 13:00 CEST

Register here

What is it about:

In this webinar you will learn about the potential of Earth observations and meteorological data analysis in agriculture. Two designed use cases (categorization of an area of interest according to suitability to produce a particular crop, early insect pest threat warning) will be described and the attendees will be invited to brainstorm ideas and plan further work in the team.

Who is it for:

African, European and other  agronomy experts, meteorologists, (G)IT developers. Participants in the Nairobi INSPIRE Hackathon 2019.

WEBINAR 2: Open Data and Data Sharing in Agri-Food Chains in Africa

Thursday 4th April, 14:00 CEST

Register here

What is it about:

This webinar addresses the issue of open data sharing related to Agri-Food Chains, with focus in Africa.

There is a growing interest in improving data sharing in agri-food sector, in order to fully realise an era of digital farming, as evidenced by the Code of Conduct on agricultural data sharing signed in in Brussels on April 2018. Additionally, there are many other recent initiatives in other domains to foster data sharing and reuse, such as the FAIR principles that although it is focused on research data, some of its principles may also apply in the agri-food sector. Access to accurate agricultural data is vital to develop digital farming and to support farmers and cooperatives to produce more using less resources explore available data sources and data sharing practices between different stakeholders in the agri-food chain (farmers, service providers, advisors, food industry, machinery producers, etc.). This includes data catalogues, standards and data models that would work in Africa.

An important step is to explore available data sources and data sharing practices between different stakeholders in the agri-food chain (farmers, service providers, advisors, food industry, machinery producers, etc.). This includes data catalogues, standards and data models that would work in Africa.

Maybe – we can offer services for data integration and publication of agriculture related data in linked data format

Who is it for:

Data providers, data producers, data integrators, service providers in agri-food sector, policy makers. Also, farmers, agri-businesses, agri-cooperatives. So they can all share their point of view.


WEBINAR 3: IoT Technologies for daily use in Africa

Thursday 4th April, 15:00 CEST

Register here

The webinar is focused on the presentation of existing solution for sensor data management – SensLog and experiences of sensor datasets integration from different sources.

There is a lot of sensor data producers that are publishing data in various formats using proprietary or some sort of standardized interfaces. There are growing modern low power networks that allow connectivity for a variety of systems. IoT and sensors are domains that become very important in the coming years. Sensor data are used in a wide range of domains.

This webinar is the starting point of making an overview of technologies, exchange formats for sensor data available in the region and to make a research on available datasets from the region. Presentations of experience from previous research and innovation projects in the field of sensor data management, integration of sensor datasets from different sources, publishing of sensor data by various standards, will help starting to evolve the idea about sensor data catalogue.

Who is it for:

This webinar is intended for organizations, researcher and experts working with sensor data and IoT technologies. They can be sensor data producers as well as sensor data consumer. Sensor data producers / consumers. Communication service providers.

WEBINAR 4: Open Land Use Map for Africa

Thursday 4th April, 16:00 CEST

Register here

What is it about:

In this webinar you will learn about how to improving land use planning in communities. Territorial planning and land use is a global challenge, but for Africa, in the light of increasing deforestation, desertification, increasing population – the problem areas of sustainable management of land and resources is quite crucial.The webinar will discuss how to address the problem of poor land planning and thus all the consequences that it causes: deforestation, uncontrolled urban growth, overgrazing, soil erosion etc. There will be presentations of ideas for solutions that includes providing communities with workflows, data and tools to help spatial planning with engagement of all interested parties (authorities and citizens) – participatory land use planning. In particular the use of  Earth observation data complimented with crowdsourced data to provide high quality data about land use, land cover and natural resources to communities and then provide them some workflows (methodology) and tools (web/mobile application) is thought to enable community members of various background and roles to discuss and create spatial plan for their community together.

Who is it for:

Land use/urban planners, authorities, interested citizens (activists and others), who have GIS related (remote sensing, GIS) or IT – related education be it user experience or web design, data science, web programming etc.).