Food Security in Relation to Earth Observation (GEOSS and COPERNICUS relevance)
This is the first progress report of the team no 1 of the Nairobi INSPIRE Hackathon 2019. The team is led by Karel Charvat.
The team includes 115 members out of which 25 are actively participating.C
The webinar of this team was organised on Monday 15th April 2019. The recording of the webinar can seen below.
We started collecting answers on a few questions. The key questions are listed below.
Why I would like work in this group?
Food security is a major challenge in Kenya and Africa at large considering the country’s economy is largely agrarian. Any unforeseen changes in weather patterns could be fatal not only to our economy but also to millions of people who rely on agriculture for employment and as a source of livelihood.
Food and nutrition security is my major areas of expertise therefore, I am always willing to participate in anything that can help to improve my knowledge in the area. Besides the major importance of food security in the development at a individual, micro and macro level, I believe that I will be more efficient in this team and I will participate significantly in the team.
Food (and water) insecurity are a consistent drivers of vulnerability in Africa. I wish to be part of the solution to food insecurity problem by collaborating with other interested experts and stakeholders.
Where Earth Observation can help to African Agriculture?
Soil management can benefit a lot from earth observation. Modelling erosion would help avert loss in soil fertility.
Near real-time crop monitoring data would be very helpful to farmers to enable them identify remedies to crop failures in good time and avoid losses.
The same data could assist government plan in advance in terms of addressing the anticipated deficit in food stock hence avert cases of food shortage.
Earth Observation will also be very important in prediction analysis in the agricultural sector. This will permit African Agriculture to be economical and technically efficient. It can also permit African countries to specialise in into different sector, therefore, develop trade agreement..
In highlighting the suitable areas for different agricultural practices and the hotspots of food insecurity. As any other thematic area, agriculture has a geographic dimension that can only be captured and revealed by accurate and dynamic earth observation data.
Earth observation can be used to assess risks/threats to sensitive ecosystems like forests and wetlands. Forests and wetlands are known contributors to food security particularly when sustainably used.
EO in particular weather data and biomass can be used to generate index based services for Banking and insurance such as Weather and Yield index (Kizito)
Ideas about potential experiments?
Sampling plots from different agro-climatic zones in Kenya and monitoring their growth using earth observation techniques together with ancillary data like weather data and biophysical data.
Also establishing crop growth scenarios under different weather events could help in projecting future yields which is very critical in the planning operations and budgeting by state agencies and county governments.
Prediction of disease susceptibility of crop using the temporal crop dynamics from earth observation data. Using historical data of crop disease and connecting them with features extracted from earth observation data for generating alert of probable crop disease.
To make some experiments only based on observation data and compare the results.
A combination of agent-based models of human activities and how these contribute to food (in)security and a dynamic changes in the environment as captured by big earth observation data.
Accurate monitoring crop phenology to aid the application of farm inputs like fertilizers, irrigation and farm management.
Assessment of hydrological flows through a combination of field observations and output from satellite image analysis workflows.
Augmenting weather and climate monitoring through the use of affordable in-situ weather sensors and remote sensed weather estimates.
Who are main target groups of farmers in your country?
In Kenya, some of the significant farmer groups include maize farmers in the rift valley region and in the western part of the country, rice farmers around lake victoria and in the Mwea scheme in the central part of the country, and sugarcane farmers in western, rift valley areas and in the coastal parts of the country
Do you have practical experience with implementation of EO in your country?
I (Parmita Ghosh) do have for my country India and Germany (I was an exchange student in Technische Universität Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany).
I have experience with Copernicus Data for climate monitoring (Kizito)
I have a background in applied geoinformatics and am currently using earth observation data to address water and food insecurity questions in the dryland regions of Kenya (Francis Oloo)
Can benefit small farmers from EO?
Sentinel 1, 2 has spatial resolution of 20 m so small farmers can be benefited by the products developed using images from these satellites.
Landsat can particularly be used for awareness creation on issues like land degradation and land use change and its influence on land health and the potential areas that can be used for farming.
On Friday 19th, we organised teleconference with participation of 12 people. The main conclusion are next
Jiri will prepare infrastructure for experimentation. This will be done with Team 5
Jiri will download examples of Sentinel Data from Region
Other data will be downloaded on demand. There is expected also cooperation with team 3, 5 and 6.
In cooperation with team 3 we will tested different OS software. See the candidate.
- Orfeo ToolBox – Orfeo ToolBox,
- ESA SNAP software (http://step.esa.int/main/download/)
- QGIS – (Kizito)
For next communication will be organised Skype communication for the group.