FTZ (MT) produced 2 maps that pertain to the Plan4All requirements. The descriptions of the two layers are as follows:
- Land Cover
Land Cover Mapping in Malta was initiated as part of the accession exercise carried out to conform to the priority dataflow requirements as established by the European Environment Agency. The initial exercise was carried out for CLC2000 and was validated based on a 100% parameter take as sampling was deemed difficult due to the small area of the islands. A second run was carried out for CLC2006, where the opportunity was taken to carry out CLC1990 and change analysis for 1990-2000 and 2000-2006. The layer used for Plan4All is based on the CLC2006 map, which includes 19 categories (agriculture with significant area of natural vegetation, airports, complex cultivation patterns, coniferous forest, continuous urban fabric, discontinuous urban fabric, dump sites, green urban areas, industrial or commercial units, mineral extraction sites, mixed forest, non-irrigated arable land, port areas, salines, sclerophyllous vegetation, sea and ocean, sparsely vegetated areas, sport and leisure facilities, and vineyards).
The LandUse map for Malta was created for this project as based on the CLC mapping exercise with additional review of areas that pertain to specific development planning and environmental legislation. Malta has a series of maps that have been created for local planning purposes, quasi-equivalent to NUTS4/LAU1, which however do not have a harmonised attribute as well as spatial structure thus they were used only for comparative and specific use review.
LandUse in Malta is highly mixed, however most of the areas have a predominance of one main use which is mainly residential with commercial and industrial areas situated in specific locations.
The landuse attributes were those agreed at the Olomouc workshop (agriculture, commercial, industrial, mining/quarrying, natural, other, parks, residental, services, transportinfrastructure) and for each area the relevant legislation was consulted due to the fact that Malta as of 2010 has a combined development planning and environmental law, which identifies different levels of use and protection through a series of subsidiary legislation. Prior to 2010, there were two separate planning and environmental laws.
The data sources included development planning zoning, predominant landuse and data from the various spatial maps created for the legislative process inclusive of development application process, environmental protection and resource mapping.continue
Fondazzjoni Temi Zammit (FTZ) engaged the help of the Topographic Product Development (GI-Related) Management at the National Mapping Agency within Malta Environment & Planning Authority (MEPA).
MEPA has been working on issues like European wide homogeneous data sets emphasizing on land cover topics for several years. Land cover plays an important role for environmental spatial and territorial analysis. Up-to-date data about land use and land cover is maintained at very high detail, nominally at 1:1000. In view of such detailed-scale usage, maps at scales required by Corine Land Cover are rarely used due to the generalized product that is not used for local consumption. This project required the acquisition of satellite imagery and photo interpretation methodologies for the main CLC2006 map and the 2000-2006 change analysis. Data sources that were used in conjunction with the EEA/JRC imagery included the national maps and ancillary data that include orthorectified imagery (2004), topographic maps, land use-maps as produced for local plans, habitats, agricultural, environmental datasets, and development planning parcels, amongst other datasets.
Malta is the smallest European Union member state both in terms of area and population size. It is situated in the central Mediterranean sea about 100 km south of Sicily. It consists of an archipelago of three main islands, namely Malta, Gozo and Comino, as well as a number of smaller uninhabited islets, for a total area of 316 sq. km. Malta’s terrain consists of low hills with terraced fields, alternating with fertile valleys. The population of the islands stands at 430,000, making Malta one of the most densely populated countries in the world, with about 1,360 inhabitants per square kilometre. Malta constitutes a total of 68 municipalities, most of which are exceedingly small. The islands are notable for their unique historical and cultural heritage, as well as their maritime traditions in connection with their strategic position in the central Mediterranean and their fine natural harbours.continue